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  • Writer's pictureAdisorn O.


Updated: Mar 19, 2023

Local variables exist only within their scope—the main program or the user-defined functions. In contrast, global variables exist everywhere inside the program. This simple example shows how the value of the global variable is changed inside the function.

First, a is known as the local variable inside function change. Since it has given no value, the operation with this variable is an error.

Now, if we define "a" as a global variable, the value of "a" is automatically retrieved from the caller (main program). Any new assignment to "a" will forever change its value after returning to the main program.

* It is necessary to declare global variables in both main and functions if the functions are called from an external m-file. In this example, it is not mandatory since the function is written in the same m-mail as the main program.

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